Sir Thomas Jermyn

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Governor 1631-1644
Sir Thomas Jermyn


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Sir Thomas Jermyn was a member of Charles I's household when appointed Governor of Jersey. His appointment coincided with the English Civil War

Sir Thomas was Controller of King Charles I's household and was appointed Governor in 1631.

His first Lieutenant was Francis Raynsford 1631-1633, who in turn appointed Jurat Philippe Marett as his deputy on 28 January 1632. He was in turn appointed Lieut-Governor by Jermyn on 27 March that year, and again on 7 September 1637.

From 1634 to 1643 Philippe de Carteret was Lieut-Governor, with his brother Elie as Deputy Governor, or Lieut-Governor in his absence.

In 1641 his elder son Philippe stood in for him when he visited the King in England, and in November of that year, another Philippe, his brother's son, also deputised for him.

Earl of Warwick

Sir Thomas Jermyn's term of office was interrupted in 1643 when Robert Rich, Earl of Warwick, was appointed Parliamentary Governor, sending Major Leonard Lydcott to Jersey with troops to gain control of the island from the Royalist supporters. This period of Parliamentary control only lasted a few months and Jermyn was back in control later that year, with Sir George de Carteret, Seigneur of Melesches, as his deputy.

The 2nd Earl of Warwick

As Grand Admiral of England, the Earl of Warwick's appointment by Cromwell as Governor in 1643 was a military move to gain possession of the island from the Royalist sympathisers who were in charge.

The second Earl of Warwick was an English colonial administrator, admiral, and puritan. He was the eldest son of Robert Rich, 1st Earl of Warwick and his wife Penelope Devereux, Lady Rich, and succeeded to his father's title (Earl of Warwick) in 1619.

He joined the Guinea, New England, and Virginia companies, as well as the Virginia Company's offspring, the Somers Isles Company. Warwick's enterprises involved him in disputes with the British East India Company (1617) and with the Virginia Company, which in 1624 was suppressed as a result of his action. In 1627 he commanded an unsuccessful privateering expedition against the Spaniards.

Warwick's Puritan connections and sympathies gradually estranged him from the court but promoted his association with the New England colonies. His Richneck Plantation was located in what is now the independent city of Newport News, Virginia. The Warwick River, Warwick Towne, Warwick River Shire, and Warwick County, Virginia are all believed named for him, as are Warwick, Rhode Island and Warwick Parish in Bermuda (alias The Somers Isles). The oldest school in Bermuda, Warwick Academy, was built on land in Warwick Parish given by the Earl of Warwick.

In 1642, following the dismissal of the Earl of Northumberland as Lord High Admiral, Warwick was appointed commander of the fleet by Parliament.

He sent Major Leonard Lydcott to Jersey as his Lieutenant in command of troops which took control of the island in 1643, forcing the Lieut-Governor and Bailiff Philippe de Carteret to take refuge in Elizabeth Castle. Later that year Sir George de Carteret returned to Jersey and forced Lydcott out, retuning the island to Royalist control and ending Warwick's Governorship

Jermyn was succeeded as Governor in 1644 by his son Henry




Governor
Predecessor Successor
Sir John Peyton
1603-1630
Sir Thomas Jermyn
1631-1644
Henry, Lord Jermyn
1644-1650, 1650-1651, 1660-1666
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